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【一起练翻译-8.3】On shared false memories: what lies behind the Mandela effect

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译者:大鱼干
发布:2017-02-21 12:02:57 挑错

本期原文来自 aeon.co,讲的是 曼德拉效应。说到曼德拉效应,很多人都有切身体验。有时你会发现,这个世界上的一些事实和你记忆中的事实完全背道而驰,就仿佛穿梭进了平行宇宙。最典型的例子,是关于南非前总统曼德拉的错误记忆,具体怎么回事,大家看文章。

方便起见,文章分了三部分来 po,每部分 500 词左右,长短适中,这是 part 3。想练多少大家随意,重在交流学习。每段前有序号,建议在译文前标注一下。对全文感兴趣的,点击这里认领翻译

另外,好消息,这篇文章有配套的音频!音频已经上传到 译言字幕翻译工具 里,这样就连听力也一起练了,点击播放,编辑模式里有 听记(复读) 功能,很好用。注意,文中 [ ] 里标的是在音频中的时间点。

译文你可以直接在评论中贴出来,也可以在这里认领,加上 一起练翻译 的标签,发表在自己的译文库里。

好了,练习开始:

Part 1Part 2, Part 3, Audio

------ 这是 讲真,不敢相信就这么完成了 的分割线 ------

On shared false memories: what lies behind the Mandela effect

[07:46]

(12) The Redditor EpicJourney Man recounts an extremely detailed account of Shazaam from when he was working in a video store in the 1990s. In his post, he describes buying two copies of the movie and having to watch each several times to verify that it was damaged after renters complained. He then proceeds to describe the movie plot in great detail. [08:09]

(13) If Shazaam never existed, how does he have such a detailed memory of the movie? This is most likely an instance of confabulation, or the brain’s attempt to fill in missing memory gaps by adding fabricated facts and experiences. Unlike lying, confabulation is not intended to deceive, and the person confabulating fully believes that the ‘remembered’ details are real. Confabulation is associated with a wide array of neurological disorders, including stroke, brain injury, Alzheimer’s, Korsakoff syndrome, epilepsy and schizophrenia, but it can also happen in healthy subjects (as anyone with a memory of ‘President Hamilton’ can attest). Instances of confabulation in healthy people increase with age and are thought to be due to age-related changes to the medial temporal lobe, including the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex. These brain regions are important for memory encoding and retrieval, and fMRI studies over the past decade suggest that decreased functioning in these regions underlies false memory. [09:16]

(14) Confabulation seems to be more frequent in the face of repeatedly unpacking a memory; in other words, someone like EpicJourneyMan, who regularly ordered children’s videos and watched them to find damaged tape, is more likely to confabulate a specific memory from that material. [09:35]

(15) A third force driving the Mandela effect is suggestibility, the tendency to believe what others suggest to be true. When misinformation is introduced, it can actually compromise the fidelity of an existing memory. This is exactly why in a court of law an attorney can object to ‘leading questions’ that suggest a specific answer. In short, the leading question: ‘Do you remember the 1990s film Shazaam that starred Sinbad as a genie?’ not only suggests that such a film actually exists, but could even insert a false memory of having viewed it. [10:12]

(16) Although it might be tempting to believe that the Mandela effect is evidence that parallel realities exist or that our universe is a glitchy simulation, a true scientist must test his or her alternative hypothesis by trying to disprove it. In light of known cognitive phenomena that can give rise to shared false memories, it’s highly unlikely that some of us are actually from an alternative universe crossing timelines with the present one. Nonetheless, the Mandela effect is still a fascinating case study in the quirks of human memory. For those who love thinking about how the mind works, it is perhaps even an example of the truth being stranger than fiction. [10:56]

(END)

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神戳戳发表于:2017-05-20 16:49:14

全文的认领点击进去怎么木有了呢?

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